Index of Important Characters – Classical Literature

Here is a list of some of the important characters appearing in classical literature (particularly those who appear in several different works) and the plays and poems in which they appear.

In general, I have not included the gods (e.g. Zeus, Apollo, Hera, Poseidon, etc) who appear in many works, usually in relatively minor roles, except where they are used as major characters in a work (e.g. Dionysus, Prometheus, etc). Neither have I included the more minor characters. The search facility can be used to narrow down appearances of other characters not listed here.

Also, you can move your mouse over the character’s name (the brighter green links) to see some very quick information on that figure in mythology.

AchillesHomer: “The Iliad”
Euripides: “Iphigenia at Aulis”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
AegeusEuripides: “Medea”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
AegisthusHomer: “The Odyssey”
Aeschylus: “Agamemnon” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Aeschylus: “The Libation Bearers” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Sophocles: “Electra”
Euripides: “Electra”
Seneca the Younger: “Agamemnon”
AeneasOvid: “The Aeneid”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
AgamemnonHomer: “The Iliad”
Aeschylus: “Agamemnon” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Sophocles: “Ajax”
Euripides: “Hecuba”
Euripides: “Iphigenia at Aulis”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Seneca the Younger: “Agamemnon”
Seneca the Younger: “Troades”
Seneca the Younger: “Thyestes”
AjaxHomer: “The Iliad”
Sophocles: “Ajax”
AlcestisEuripides: “Alcestis”
AmphitryonEuripides: “Heracles”
Seneca the Younger: “Hercules Furens”
AndromacheHomer: “The Iliad”
Euripides: “Andromache”
Euripides: “The Trojan Women”
Seneca the Younger: “Troades”
AntigoneAeschylus: “Seven Against Thebes”
Sophocles: “Antigone”
Sophocles: “Oedipus at Colonus”
Euripides: “The Phoenician Women”
Seneca the Younger: “Phoenissae”
AtreusSeneca the Younger: “Thyestes”
Bacchus
(also known as Dionysus)
Hesiod: “Theogony”
Euripides: “The Bacchae”
Aristophanes: “The Frogs”
BeowulfAnonymous: “Beowulf”
CassandraAeschylus: “Agamemnon” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Euripides: “The Trojan Women”
Seneca the Younger: “Agamemnon”
CirceHomer: “The Odyssey”
Apollonius of Rhodes: “The Argonautica”
ClytemnestraHomer: “The Odyssey”
Hesiod: “Theogony”
Aeschylus: “Agamemnon” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Aeschylus: “The Libation Bearers” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Sophocles: “Electra”
Euripides: “Electra”
Seneca the Younger: “Agamemnon”
Creon of CorinthEuripides: “Medea”
Seneca the Younger: “Medea”
Creon of ThebesSophocles: “Antigone”
Sophocles: “Oedipus the King”
Sophocles: “Oedipus at Colonus”
Euripides: “The Phoenician Women”
Seneca the Younger: “Oedipus”
DanausAeschylus: “The Suppliants”
DeianeiraSophocles: “The Trachiniae”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
DemophonEuripides: “Heracleidae”
DidoVergil: “The Aeneid”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Dionysus
(also known as Bacchus)
Hesiod: “Theogony”
Euripides: “The Bacchae”
Aristophanes: “The Frogs”
ElectraAeschylus: “The Libation Bearers” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Sophocles: “Electra”
Euripides: “Electra”
Euripides: “Orestes”
Seneca the Younger: “Agamemnon”
EnkiduAnonymous: “Gilgamesh”
Erinyes (Furies)Hesiod: “Theogony”
Aeschylus: “The Libation Bearers” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Aeschylus: “The Eumenides” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Euripides: “Orestes”
EteoclesAeschylus: “Seven Against Thebes”
Euripides: “The Phoenician Women”
Seneca the Younger: “Phoenissae”
GilgameshAnonymous: “Gilgamesh”
GlauceEuripides: “Medea”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Seneca the Younger: “Medea”
GrendelAnonymous: “Beowulf”
HectorHomer: “The Iliad”
HecubaEuripides: “Hecuba”
Euripides: “The Trojan Women”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Seneca the Younger: “Troades”
HelenHomer: “The Iliad”
Homer: “The Odyssey”
Hesiod: “Theogony”
Euripides: “The Trojan Women”
Euripides: “Helen”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Heracles/Hercules
Hesiod: “Theogony”
Sophocles: “The Trachiniae”
Sophocles: “Philoctetes”
Euripides: “Alcestis”
Euripides: “Heracleidae”
Euripides: “Heracles”
Aristophanes: “The Birds”
Aristophanes: “The Frogs”
Apollonius of Rhodes: “The Argonautica”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Seneca the Younger: “Hercules Furens”
HermioneEuripides: “Andromache”
Euripides: “Orestes”
Ovid: “Heroides”
HippolytusEuripides: “Hippolytus”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Seneca the Younger: “Phaedra”
IonEuripides: “Ion”
IphigeniaEuripides: “Iphigenia at Aulis”
Euripides: “Iphigenia in Tauris”
IsmeneSophocles: “Antigone”
Sophocles: “Oedipus at Colonus”
JasonEuripides: “Medea”
Apollonius of Rhodes: “The Argonautica”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Seneca the Younger: “Medea”
JocastaSophocles: “Oedipus the King”
Euripides: “The Phoenician Women”
Seneca the Younger: “Oedipus”
Seneca the Younger: “Phoenissae”
MedeaEuripides: “Medea”
Apollonius of Rhodes: “The Argonautica”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Seneca the Younger: “Medea”
MegaraEuripides: “Heracles”
Seneca the Younger: “Hercules Furens”
MenelausHomer: “The Iliad”
Homer: “The Odyssey”
Sophocles: “Ajax”
Euripides: “Andromache”
Euripides: “The Trojan Women”
Euripides: “Helen”
Euripides: “Orestes”
Euripides: “Iphigenia at Aulis”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Seneca the Younger: “Thyestes”
NeoptolemusSophocles: “Philoctetes”
Euripides: “Andromache”
Odysseus/UlyssesHomer: “The Iliad”
Homer: “The Odyssey”
Sophocles: “Ajax”
Sophocles: “Philoctetes”
Euripides: “Hecuba”
Euripides: “Cyclops”
Vergil: “The Aeneid”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Seneca the Younger: “Troades”
OedipusSophocles: “Oedipus the King”
Sophocles: “Oedipus at Colonus”
Euripides: “The Phoenician Women”
Seneca the Younger: “Phoenissae”
Seneca the Younger: “Oedipus”
OrestesAeschylus: “The Libation Bearers” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Aeschylus: “The Eumenides” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Sophocles: “Electra”
Euripides: “Andromache”
Euripides: “Electra”
Euripides: “Iphigenia in Tauris”
Euripides: “Orestes”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Seneca the Younger: “Agamemnon”
ParisHomer: “The Iliad”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
PeleusEuripides: “Andromache”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
PenelopeHomer: “The Odyssey”
Ovid: “Heroides”
PerseusHesiod: “Theogony”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
PhaedraEuripides: “Hippolytus”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Seneca the Younger: “Phaedra”
PhiloctetesSophocles: “Philoctetes”
PolymestorEuripides: “Hecuba”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
PolynicesAeschylus: “Seven Against Thebes”
Sophocles: “Oedipus at Colonus”
Euripides: “The Phoenician Women”
Seneca the Younger: “Phoenissae”
PolyphemusHomer: “The Odyssey”
Euripides: “Cyclops”
PolyxenaEuripides: “Hecuba”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
PriamHomer: “The Iliad”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
PrometheusHesiod: “Works and Days”
Hesiod: “Theogony”
Aeschylus: “Prometheus Bound”
Aristophanes: “The Birds”
PyladesAeschylus: “The Libation Bearers” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Sophocles: “Electra”
Euripides: “Electra”
Euripides: “Iphigenia in Tauris”
Euripides: “Orestes”
SemeleHesiod: “Theogony”
Euripides: “The Bacchee”
TelemachusHomer: “The Odyssey”
TheseusHesiod: “Theogony”
Sophocles: “Oedipus at Colonus”
Euripides: “Hippolytus”
Euripides: “The Suppliants”
Euripides: “Heracles”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Seneca the Younger: “Hercules Furens”
Seneca the Younger: “Phaedra”
ThyestesSeneca the Younger: “Thyestes”
TiresiasHomer: “The Odyssey”
Sophocles: “Antigone”
Sophocles: “Oedipus the King”
Euripides: “The Phoenician Women”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Seneca the Younger: “Oedipus”
XerxesAeschylus: “The Persians”
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